When you're looking to invest in the finance market, or in a public company, then you need to look into purchasing shares in a company or companies. But what are shares? A share is a unit that you're going to see frequently in finance, and this means that you own a portion of a company. With shares, they can be related to various different components of a company, acting as a stock, a piece of a mutual fund, or even a partnership - depending on the dynamics of the company. If you want a larger level of involvement and control within a company - purchasing more shares is the key. This is called a controlling interest in a company and will give you the ability to have more 'say' within a company.
There are important things that you need to consider about the impact and function of shares, and things about shares that will allow you to have a profitable investing future. When you go about purchasing a financial asset, like a company or property, this means that you're buying 'shares' as part of that particular asset. The prices and cost of shares is something that is variable to the day, and when the share price is lower, then that is the time to buy, at least in most cases. One thing you need to do when buying these shares is to be knowledgeable about what is going on within the company. If for instance there is some bad financial news regarding the company, this could lower the share price but unless there is some good news or a financial 'turn-around' then it would in fact lose you all of the money you invested.
If you're a shareholder, there are different types and options that are available to you that you need to consider. When you are a shareholder, you actually, in technical terms, own a part of the asset that you hold shares for. This is why you need to be aware of what is going on in the market, and what factors may impact the values of your shares. And while you do own a piece of the asset, this doesn't automatically mean that you have total control over the decisions of the company or the asset. When you have a large number of shares in an asset, you may be allowed to vote on certain decisions within the company, on topics like the members of the board of directors, or clauses within company policy. This means that you actually have a certain kind of share that grants you this power, whereas there are other different shares that are considered to be a 'non-voting' share. There are actually classes for these shares, like type 'A' and 'B' and these shares have different advantages and/or responsibilities attached to them.
But what is it about shares that make them a good thing to invest in? In some cases, your shares will actually pay you a dividend, and this means that you're getting a cut of the profits, which is calculated based on the amount of shares that you own. So, the more shares you own, the more profit that you're going to make.